• how children develop empathy, guilt, conscience, and helping behaviors, and how these processes ​can go awry​

  • callous-unemotional traits and pathways to aggression, violence, rule-breaking, psychopathy, and substance abuse​

  • infant characteristics related to callous-unemotional traits, like fearlessness​ and low emotional bonding

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  • how differences in brain structure and function are related to moral and antisocial behaviors across different ages

  • relationships between genetic risk factors and brain function and structure in regions that process social and emotional cues

  • how genetic factors interact with children's parenting and home environments to shape their brain and moral behavior

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  • how parenting behaviors, like harshness or low warmth, influence children's aggression and callous-unemotional traits

  • how the broader environment, like exposure to violence or growing up in poverty, impacts children's behavior

  • psychosocial interventions that work with families to reduce children's behavior problems

see our full list of publications